Change Calendar

Systems Manager Change Calendar lets you set up date and time ranges when actions you specify (for example, in Systems Manager Automation documents) may or may not be performed in your AWS account. In Change Calendar, these ranges are called events. When you create a Change Calendar entry, you are creating a Systems Manager document of the type ChangeCalendar. In Change Calendar, the document stores iCalendar 2.0 data in plaintext format. Events that you add to the Change Calendar entry become part of the document.

There are two types of Change Calendar entries:

  • DEFAULT_OPEN: actions can run by default, but are blocked from running during associated events
  • DEFAULT_CLOSED: actions do not run by default, but can run during events associated with the calendar entry

In this lab, you will create a Closed by Default Calendar

  1. Navigate to Systems Manager > Actions & Change > Change Calendar

  2. Select Create change calendar

  3. Enter a name – Ex. YOURNAME-cal-closed

    • Description is optional but would make sense to add additional meta data especially in complex environments
  4. Calendar type: Closed by Default

  5. Select the Calendar name to view the details of the calendar (or highlight the radio button and select edit)

  6. Under Events (top left corner) you will see the calendar view and the current month and day highlighted with a blue dot and Select Create Event (top right corner)

  7. Name: yourname-NOCHANGES

  8. Set the start date as the current day and time and make it last for 2 hours – Ensure that the calendar time zone is set to your current time zone

    a. NOTE: You can also set reoccurrence which would be a powerful tool / use for regular events like application releases or change windows

  9. The event now shows up on your calendar in light blue on the day you specified

  10. Go to details (top left corner – middle)

  11. You will now see calendar use which shows you the CLI commands and the content that you would add to your Automation Documents to check the calendar if the change is allowed or blocked

  12. You will now take this information and you can query the calendar from the CLI

    • You will need to refer back to the Event Engine instructions to get your AWS Keys to configure AWS CLI

    • Installation instructions for common deployments can be found here

      aws ssm get-calendar-state --calendar-names arn:aws:ssm:us-east-1:YOURACCOUNTNUMBER:document/YOURCALENDARNAME --region us-east-1

  13. You will see 2 states in the screenshot below:

    • One state where the change time on a closed by default calendar is wrong (incorrect time zone) and is blocking changes and also
    • One state where the correct time zone is configured and the calendar is open for the specified period

    • NOTE: your IAM role / user will need to have the appropriate permissions added to the assigned policy to get the calendar state


  14. For further exploration using Change Calendar in Systems Manager Automation refer to the following guide